A vitrectomy is the surgical removal of the vitreous gel in the middle of the eye. This procedure is performed for many reasons, including repair of a retinal detachment.
How does it work?
A vitrectomy allows surgeons to gain access to the retina. With a retinal detachment, a vitrectomy allows the surgeon to perform additional procedures like intraocular laser therapy or the placement of a gas bubble in order to reattach the retina.
This procedure will be performed by an OCLI retinal specialist with years of training and experience.
During a vitrectomy, your OCLI surgeon will insert small instruments into the eye through small incisions in the sclera. These instruments will be used to cut through parts of the vitreous gel and then suction it out. After this, your surgeon will be able to properly repair the retina.
Once the repair is complete, your surgeon will fill the vitreous cavity with a gas bubble. This helps to keep the retina in place while it heals. Over time, the gas bubble is absorbed and the eye’s natural fluids will take its place.
A vitrectomy is usually performed on an outpatient basis. The surgery will last around 45-90 minutes, and can usually be performed under local or general anesthesia.
Other reasons for vitrectomy
- Repairing macular holes
- Repairing macular puckers
- Restore vision loss caused by vitreous hemorrhage (bleeding), which does not clear on its own
- Treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, which can cause scar tissue formation and tractional detachment of the retina